Details

CVE-2021-3487

A critical regular expression exponential blowup vulnerability in binutils by Gnu.



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Analysis

There's a flaw in the BFD library of binutils in versions before 2.36. An attacker who supplies a crafted file to an application linked with BFD, and using the DWARF functionality, could cause an impact to system availability by way of excessive memory consumption.

CVSS2


This regular expression exponential blowup vulnerability has been classified with a high base score of 7.1, a high impact score of 6.9 and a high exploitability score of 8.6.

Economic Impact


The economic impact provides a custom overview of the affected areas by this vulnerability. If there is a higher amount of predicted attacks, there is a higher probability to be affected by this vulnerability in this particular region.



CAPEC

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC) is a comprehensive dictionary and classification taxonomy of known attacks that can be used by analysts, developers, testers, and educators to deepen community understanding and enhance protection. The vulnerability has been classificated in 8 categories.

XML Entity Expansion

An attacker submits an XML document to a target application where the XML document uses nested entity expansion to produce an excessively large output XML. XML allows the definition of macro-like structures that can be used to simplify the creation of complex structures

Regular Expression Exponential Blowup

An adversary may execute an attack on a program that uses a poor Regular Expression(Regex) implementation by choosing input that results in an extreme situation for the Regex. A typical extreme situation operates at exponential time compared to the input size

XML Ping of the Death

An attacker initiates a resource depletion attack where a large number of small XML messages are delivered at a sufficiently rapid rate to cause a denial of service or crash of the target. Transactions such as repetitive SOAP transactions can deplete resources faster than a simple flooding attack because of the additional resources used by the SOAP protocol and the resources necessary to process SOAP messages

CPE

CPE is a structured naming scheme for information technology systems, software, and packages. Based on a common Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) syntax, CPE includes a formal naming format, a method for validating system names, and a description format for attaching text and tests to the name.

All CPE details
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